Insulin is typically injected under the skin (subcutaneously) using a syringe, insulin pump, or injector pen.6
You should make your insulin injections in the same general area of your body, but not in the exact same place.6
Your insulin injections should also be timed with your meals so that the glucose entering your body can be processed effectively.6
Here are some important tips for storing insulin:7
Some insulins are cloudy such as mixtures. While others are clear such as regular insulin, glargine and lispro.
Check your Consumer Information Leaflet to see what your insulin should look like.
If your prescribed dose is more than the maximum dose on the pen, you will need to give yourself more than one injection.
If you cannot turn your insulin pen’s dose knob when priming, take the following steps:
Your insulin pen may be jammed if it becomes difficult to dial or inject your dose. To clear the jam, take the following steps:
By reusing needles, you increase the risk of taking the wrong insulin dose due to needle clogging, or getting an infection due to the loss of sterility.
Your insulin pen will not allow you to dial a dose greater than the number of insulin units remaining in the cartridge.
For example, if you need a dose of 30 units but your pen's cartridge only has 25 units remaining, you have two options:
Insulin injections work faster when taken in the abdomen, work slower when taken in the upper arms, and work slowest when taken in the thighs and buttocks.8
Do not take your insulin injections in the exact same place each time. Instead, take your injections around the same area as you risk developing hard lumps or fatty deposits when injecting in the exact same place.8
If you are unsure about where to inject your insulin, contact your doctor.
Checking your blood sugar (glucose) regularly can help you understand the impact that activities and foods have on your blood sugar (glucose) level. This can help you predict when you are likely to experience high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) or low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) levels.8
Congratulations! You should now have a better understanding of how to use and store your insulin injection pen, as well as where to inject your insulin.
In addition, you should also have answers to some of the most frequently asked questions people with diabetes have about their insulin medication.